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Journal Articles Geophysical Journal International Year : 2024

Contributions and limitations of environmental magnetism to characterize traffic-related particulate matter sources

Claire Carvallo
Christine Franke
Aude Isambert

Abstract

SUMMARY The chronic exposure to particulate matter (PM) pollution causes societal and environmental issues, in particular in urban areas where most citizen are regularly exposed to vehicular traffic. Since almost two decades, environmental magnetic monitoring has demonstrated its efficiency to successfully map relative concentrations of airborne particle deposition on accumulative surfaces. A better understanding of the magnetic results requires discriminating the main traffic-related sources of the observed signal on particle collectors. To meet this objective, we investigated a sample set of exhaust and non-exhaust sources with respect to their magnetic fingerprints inferred from hysteresis loops, first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams, temperature dependency of initial susceptibility and unmixing of isothermal remanent magnetization acquisition curves. The source sample set comprises 14 diesel and gasoline exhaust smoke residues, 12 abrasive-fatigue wear test pieces from worn brake-pads, brake powders, worn tire-tread and three resuspension products: asphalt concrete, street dust and Saharan mineral dust deposited by precipitation after long-range eolian transport. Magnetic properties of the source samples were compared to those from various accumulative surfaces exposed to urban traffic (passive collectors, filters of facemasks for cycling, plant leaves and tree barks). We found some fingerprints of exhaust pipes and brake wear products on these collectors. The findings highlight the relevance of environmental magnetism tools to characterize different traffic-related source signals in accumulative surfaces in urban environment.
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hal-04529506 , version 1 (23-04-2024)

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Sarah Letaïef, Claire Carvallo, Christine Franke, Aude Isambert, Pierre Camps. Contributions and limitations of environmental magnetism to characterize traffic-related particulate matter sources. Geophysical Journal International, 2024, 237 (3), pp.1505-1525. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggae108⟩. ⟨hal-04529506⟩
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