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Journal Articles Physical Review A Year : 2024

Interaction quenches in nonzero temperature fermionic condensates

Trempe des interactions dans un condensat fermionique à température non nulle

Abstract

We revisit the study of amplitude oscillations in a pair condensate of fermions after an interaction quench, and generalize it to nonzero temperature. For small variations of the order parameter, we show that the energy transfer during the quench determines both the asymptotic pseudo-equilibrated value of the order parameter and the magnitude of the oscillations, after multiplication by, respectively, the static response of the order parameter and spectral weight of the pair-breaking threshold. Since the energy transferred to the condensed pairs decreases with temperature as the superfluid contact, the oscillations eventually disappear at the critical temperature. For deeper quenches, we generalize the regimes of persistent oscillations and monotonic decay to nonzero temperatures, and explain how they become more abrupt and are more easily entered at high temperatures when the ratio of the initial to final gap either diverges, when quenching towards the normal phase, or tends to zero, when quenching towards the superfluid phase. Our results are directly relevant for existing and future experiments on the non-equilibrium evolution of Fermi superfluids near the phase transition.
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Dates and versions

hal-04288654 , version 1 (16-11-2023)

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Hadrien Kurkjian, Victor Colussi, Paul Dyke, Chris Vale, Silvia Musolino. Interaction quenches in nonzero temperature fermionic condensates. Physical Review A, 2024, 109 (4), pp.L041302. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.109.L041302⟩. ⟨hal-04288654⟩
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