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Journal Articles Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science Year : 2023

Configuring Timing Parameters to Ensure Execution-Time Opacity in Timed Automata

Abstract

Timing information leakage occurs whenever an attacker successfully deduces confidential internal information by observing some timed information such as events with timestamps. Timed automata are an extension of finite-state automata with a set of clocks evolving linearly and that can be tested or reset, making this formalism able to reason on systems involving concurrency and timing constraints. In this paper, we summarize a recent line of works using timed automata as the input formalism, in which we assume that the attacker has access (only) to the system execution time. First, we address the following execution-time opacity problem: given a timed system modeled by a timed automaton, given a secret location and a final location, synthesize the execution times from the initial location to the final location for which one cannot deduce whether the secret location was visited. This means that for any such execution time, the system is opaque: either the final location is not reachable, or it is reachable with that execution time for both a run visiting and a run not visiting the secret location. We also address the full execution-time opacity problem, asking whether the system is opaque for all execution times; we also study a weak counterpart. Second, we add timing parameters, which are a way to configure a system: we identify a subclass of parametric timed automata with some decidability results. In addition, we devise a semi-algorithm for synthesizing timing parameter valuations guaranteeing that the resulting system is opaque. Third, we report on problems when the secret has itself an expiration date, thus defining expiring execution-time opacity problems. We finally show that our method can also apply to program analysis with configurable internal timings.
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Dates and versions

hal-04312156 , version 1 (28-11-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Étienne André, Engel Lefaucheux, Didier Lime, Dylan Marinho, Jun Sun. Configuring Timing Parameters to Ensure Execution-Time Opacity in Timed Automata. Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science, 2023, 392, pp.1 - 26. ⟨10.4204/eptcs.392.1⟩. ⟨hal-04312156⟩
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