Impact of UV radiation on the Raman and infrared spectral signatures of sulfates, phosphates and carbonates: implications for Mars exploration - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Icarus Year : 2024

Impact of UV radiation on the Raman and infrared spectral signatures of sulfates, phosphates and carbonates: implications for Mars exploration

Abstract

Perseverance is on Mars, collecting samples which will inform about Martian paleoenvironmental conditions. However, the surface of Mars is continuously bombarded by ionizing radiation, including UVs, which may significantly alter hydrated mineral phases such as sulfates, phosphates and carbonates. To explore and constrain this effect, we experimentally exposed pellets of more or less hydrated minerals to UV radiation within a Martian chamber at a temperature relevant for the rocks at the surface of Mars. Results show that exposure to UV leads to a strong alteration of the Raman and IR signals of sulfates, phosphates and carbonates. The strong increase of the luminescence signals coupled to the decrease of the Raman signals relatively to the background and the clear attenuation of the IR signals are interpreted as caused by an increasing concentration of electronic defects. The present results have strong implications for the ongoing exploration of Mars: one should not expect to detect pristine materials, except over freshly excavated surfaces. Still, as a precaution, all the targets measured or collected on Mars should be considered as having been exposed to UV radiation to some extent.
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Dates and versions

hal-04306160 , version 1 (24-11-2023)

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C. Royer, S. Bernard, O. Beyssac, E. Balan, O. Forni, et al.. Impact of UV radiation on the Raman and infrared spectral signatures of sulfates, phosphates and carbonates: implications for Mars exploration. Icarus, 2024, 410, pp.115894. ⟨10.1016/j.icarus.2023.115894⟩. ⟨hal-04306160⟩
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