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Journal Articles European Journal of Mathematics Year : 2022

From non-unitary wheeled PROPs to smooth amplitudes and generalised convolutions

Pierre J Clavier
  • Function : Author
Sylvie Paycha
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We introduce the concept of TRAP (Traces and Permutations), which can roughly be viewed as a wheeled PROP (Products and Permutations) without unit. TRAPs are equipped with a horizontal concatenation and partial trace maps. Continuous morphisms on an infinite-dimensional topological space and smooth kernels (respectively, smoothing operators) on a closed manifold form a TRAP but not a wheeled PROP. We build the free objects in the category of TRAPs as TRAPs of graphs and show that a TRAP can be completed to a unitary TRAP (or wheeled PROP). We further show that it can be equipped with a vertical concatenation, which on the TRAP of linear homomorphisms of a vector space, amounts to the usual composition. The vertical concatenation in the TRAP of smooth kernels gives rise to generalised convolutions. Graphs whose vertices are decorated by smooth kernels (respectively, smoothing operators) on a closed manifold form a TRAP. From their universal properties we build smooth amplitudes associated with the graph.
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Dates and versions

hal-04127521 , version 1 (13-06-2023)

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Pierre J Clavier, Loïc Foissy, Sylvie Paycha. From non-unitary wheeled PROPs to smooth amplitudes and generalised convolutions. European Journal of Mathematics, 2022, 8 (2 (suppl.), pp.411-480. ⟨10.1007/s40879-022-00557-1⟩. ⟨hal-04127521⟩
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