Landmark-dependent Navigation Strategy Declines across the Human Life-Span: Evidence from Over 37,000 Participants - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Year : 2023

Landmark-dependent Navigation Strategy Declines across the Human Life-Span: Evidence from Over 37,000 Participants

Abstract

Abstract Humans show a remarkable capacity to navigate various environments using different navigation strategies, and we know that strategy changes across the life span. However, this observation has been based on studies of small sample sizes. To this end, we used a mobile app–based video game (Sea Hero Quest) to test virtual navigation strategies and memory performance within a distinct radial arm maze level in over 37,000 participants. Players were presented with six pathways (three open and three closed) and were required to navigate to the three open pathways to collect a target. Next, all six pathways were made available and the player was required to visit the pathways that were previously unavailable. Both reference memory and working memory errors were calculated. Crucially, at the end of the level, the player was asked a multiple-choice question about how they found the targets (i.e., a counting-dependent strategy vs. a landmark-dependent strategy). As predicted from previous laboratory studies, we found the use of landmarks declined linearly with age. Those using landmark-based strategies also performed better on reference memory than those using a counting-based strategy. These results extend previous observations in the laboratory showing a decreased use of landmark-dependent strategies with age.
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Dates and versions

hal-04024759 , version 1 (11-03-2023)

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Greg L West, Zita Eva Patai, Antoine Coutrot, Michael Hornberger, Véronique D Bohbot, et al.. Landmark-dependent Navigation Strategy Declines across the Human Life-Span: Evidence from Over 37,000 Participants. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2023, 35 (3), pp.452-467. ⟨10.1162/jocn_a_01956⟩. ⟨hal-04024759⟩
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