ENUMERATION OF THREE QUADRANT WALKS WITH SMALL STEPS AND WALKS ON OTHER M-QUADRANT CONES - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year : 2022

## ENUMERATION OF THREE QUADRANT WALKS WITH SMALL STEPS AND WALKS ON OTHER M-QUADRANT CONES

Andrew Elvey Price
• Function : Author
• PersonId : 1197275

#### Abstract

We address the enumeration of walks with small steps conned to a two-dimensional cone, for example the quarter plane, three-quarter plane or the slit plane. In the quarter plane case, the solutions for unweighted step-sets are already well understood, in the sense that it is known precisely for which cases the generating function is algebraic, D-nite or D-algebraic, and exact integral expressions are known in all cases. We derive similar results in a much more general setting: we enumerate walks on an M-quadrant cone for any positive integer M , with weighted steps starting at any point. The main breakthrough in this work is the derivation of an analytic functional equation which characterises the generating function of these walks, which is analogous to one now used widely for quarter-plane walks. In the case M = 3, which corresponds to walks avoiding a quadrant, we provide exact integral-expression solutions for walks with weighted small steps which determine the generating function C(x, y; t) counting these walks. Moreover, for each step-set and starting point of the walk we determine whether the generating function C(x, y; t) is algebraic, D-nite or D-algebraic as a function of x and y. In fact we provide results of this type for any M-quadrant cone, showing that this nature is the same for any odd M. For M even we nd that the generating functions counting these walks are D-nite in x and y, and algebraic if and only if the starting point of the walk is on the same axis as the boundaries of the cone.

#### Domains

Mathematics [math]

### Dates and versions

hal-03880889 , version 1 (01-12-2022)

### Identifiers

• HAL Id : hal-03880889 , version 1

### Cite

Andrew Elvey Price. ENUMERATION OF THREE QUADRANT WALKS WITH SMALL STEPS AND WALKS ON OTHER M-QUADRANT CONES. 2022. ⟨hal-03880889⟩

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