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Journal Articles Communications in Mathematical Physics Year : 2023

The missing label of su(3) and its symmetry

Abstract

We present explicit formulas for the operators providing missing labels for the tensor product of two irreducible representations of su 3. The result is seen as a particular representation of the diagonal centraliser of su 3 through a pair of tridiagonal matrices. Using these explicit formulas, we investigate the symmetry of this missing label problem and we find a symmetry group of order 144 larger than what can be expected from the natural symmetries. Several realisations of this symmetry group are given, including an interpretation as a subgroup of the Weyl group of type E 6 , which appeared in an earlier work as the symmetry group of the diagonal centraliser. Using the combinatorics of the root system of type E 6 , we provide a family of representations of the diagonal centraliser by infinite tridiagonal matrices, from which all the finite-dimensional representations affording the missing label can be extracted. Besides, some connections with the Hahn algebra, Heun-Hahn operators and Bethe ansatz are discussed along with some similarities with the wellknown symmetries of the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients.
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Dates and versions

hal-03873119 , version 1 (14-03-2023)

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Nicolas Crampé, Loïc Poulain D’andecy, Luc Vinet. The missing label of su(3) and its symmetry. Communications in Mathematical Physics, 2023, ⟨10.1007/s00220-022-04596-3⟩. ⟨hal-03873119⟩
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