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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

A metamodel-based flexible insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes patients subjected to aerobic physical activity

Abstract

Patients with type 1 diabetes are subject to exogenous insulin injections, whether manually or through (semi)automated insulin pumps. Basic knowledge of the patient’s characteristics and flexible insulin therapy (FIT) parameters are then needed. Specifically, artificial pancreas-like closed-loop insulin delivery systems are some of the most promising devices for substituting for endogenous insulin secretion in type 1 diabetes patients. However, these devices require self-reported information such as carbohydrates or physical activity from the patient, introducing potential miscalculations and delays that can have life-threatening consequences. Here, we display a metamodel for glucose-insulin dynamics that is subject to carbohydrate ingestion and aerobic physical activity. This metamodel incorporates major existing knowledge-based models. We derive comprehensive and universal definitions of the underlying FIT parameters to form an insulin sensitivity factor ( ISF ). In addition, the relevance of physical activity modelling is assessed, and the FIT is updated to take physical exercise into account. Specifically, we cope with physical activity by using heart rate sensors (watches) with a fully automated closed insulin loop, aiming to maximize the time spent in the glycaemic range (75.5% in the range and 1.3% below the range for hypoglycaemia on a virtual patient simulator).These mathematical parameter definitions are interesting on their own, may be new tools for assessing mathematical models and can ultimately be used in closed-loop artificial pancreas algorithms or to extend distinguished FIT.
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Dates and versions

hal-03670164 , version 1 (17-05-2022)

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Emeric Scharbarg, Joachim Greck, Eric Le Carpentier, Lucy Chaillous, Claude Moog. A metamodel-based flexible insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes patients subjected to aerobic physical activity. Scientific Reports, 2022, pp.12:8017. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-11772-x⟩. ⟨hal-03670164⟩
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