Elementary Integral Series for Heun Functions. With an Application to Black-Hole Perturbation Theory - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2022

Elementary Integral Series for Heun Functions. With an Application to Black-Hole Perturbation Theory

Abstract

Heun differential equations are the most general second order Fuchsian equations with four regular singularities. An explicit integral series representation of Heun functions involving only elementary integrands has hitherto been unknown and noted as an important open problem in a recent review. We provide explicit integral representations of the solutions of all equations of the Heun class: general, confluent, bi-confluent, doubly-confluent and triconfluent, with integrals involving only rational functions and exponential integrands. All the series are illustrated with concrete examples of use. These results stem from the technique of path-sums, which we use to evaluate the path-ordered exponential of a variable matrix chosen specifically to yield Heun functions. We demonstrate the utility of the integral series by providing the first representation of the solution to the Teukolsky radial equation governing the metric perturbations of rotating black holes that is convergent everywhere from the black hole horizon up to spatial infinity.
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Dates and versions

hal-03597191 , version 1 (04-03-2022)

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P.-L Giscard, A. Tamar. Elementary Integral Series for Heun Functions. With an Application to Black-Hole Perturbation Theory. 2022. ⟨hal-03597191⟩
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