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Journal Articles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2022

Probing molecular crowding in compressed tissues with Brillouin light scattering

Guqi Yan
Sylvain Monnier
Malèke Mouelhi
Thomas Dehoux

Abstract

Volume regulation is key in maintaining important tissue functions, such as growth or healing. This is achieved by modulation of active contractility as well as water efflux that changes molecular crowding within individual cells. Local sensors have been developed to monitor stresses or forces in model tissues, but these approaches do not capture the contribution of liquid flows to volume regulation. Here, we use a tool based on Brillouin light scattering (BLS) that uses the interaction of a laser light with inherent picosecond timescale density fluctuations in the sample. To investigate volume variations, we induced osmotic perturbations with a polysaccharide osmolyte, Dextran (Dx), and compress cells locally within multicellular spheroids (MCSs). During osmotic compressions, we observe an increase in the BLS frequency shift that reflects local variations in the compressibility. To elucidate these data, we propose a model based on a mixing law that describes the increase of molecular crowding upon reduction of the intracellular fluids. Comparison with the data suggests a nonlinear increase of the compressibility due to the dense crowding that induces hydrodynamic interactions between the cellular polymers.
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Dates and versions

hal-03546904 , version 1 (25-03-2022)

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Guqi Yan, Sylvain Monnier, Malèke Mouelhi, Thomas Dehoux. Probing molecular crowding in compressed tissues with Brillouin light scattering. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2022, 119 (4), pp.e2113614119. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2113614119⟩. ⟨hal-03546904⟩
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