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Journal Articles ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces Year : 2021

Modified Indulines: From Dyestuffs to in vivo Theranostic Agents

Morgane Daurat
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Anastasia Godefroy
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The efficient, versatile and straightforward synthesis of the first N-alkyl analogs of induline 3B (8a and 8b) is reported. Thanks to the introduction of lipophilic substituents and its attractive photophysical properties (far-red emission and production of singlet oxygen), phenazinium 8b can be used as theranostic agent and shows, at very low concentration (100 nM), a remarkable ability to: i) image cells and zebrafish embryos with high quality under both mono (514 nm) and biphotonic (790 and 810 nm) excitations, ii) efficiently and quickly penetrate cancer cells rather than healthy fibroblast, iii) induce a total or almost total cancer cell death in vitro and in vivo after illumination (exc = 540-560 nm). The molecular structure of 8b is based on a triamino-phenazinium core only, with no need for additional components, highlighting the emergence of a minimalistic and versatile class of fluorescent probes for targeted photodynamic cancer therapy.
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Dates and versions

hal-03269501 , version 1 (24-06-2021)



Zhongrui Chen, Simon Pascal, Morgane Daurat, Laure Lichon, Christophe Nguyen, et al.. Modified Indulines: From Dyestuffs to in vivo Theranostic Agents. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2021, ⟨10.1021/acsami.1c05933⟩. ⟨hal-03269501⟩
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