How to make cassava bread: the introduction of metal graters in the Guianas during the 17<sup>th</sup> century - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Americae. European Journal of Americanist Archaeology Year : 2020

How to make cassava bread: the introduction of metal graters in the Guianas during the 17th century

Como fazer o beiju a introdução de raladores de cobre nas Guianas durante o século XVII

Comment faire de la cassave : l’introduction de râpes en cuivre dans les Guyanes au XVIIe siècle

Abstract

Recent archaeological research on Cayenne Island (French Guiana) showed that maize was a very important crop during the late pre-Columbian period (AD 900-1500), at least among the coastal population of this part of the Guianas. In contrast, the post-Columbian or Modern Times (AD 1500-1900) of this particular region are dominated by reports of the consumption of manioc, notably cassava, manioc beer and later on of farinha. This dichotomy makes sense when discussing various events during the 17th century by means of careful reading of the historical documents, the comparison of material culture and the interpretation of local Amerindian oral tradition. In this manner, it is proposed that the introduction of metal graters by Europeans has favored the consumption of manioc over maize.
A pesquisa arqueológica recente na Ilha de Caiena (Guiana Francesa) mostrou que o milho foi um importante cultivo durante o período precolombiano tardío (AD 900-1500) entre a população costeira desta parte das Guianas. Já o período poscolombiano o os tempos modernos (AD 1500-1900) desta região, em particular, é dominado por relatos sobre o consumo da mandioca, notadamente o beiju, a bebida de mandioca fermentada e, por fim, a farinha. Esta dicotomia faz sentido quando discutimos vários eventos por meio da leitura de documentos históricos do século XVII, da comparação da cultura material e da interpretação da tradição oral amerí^ndia. Nesse sentido, propomos que a introdução dos raladores de metal pelos europeus favoreceu o consumo da mandioca em detrimento do milho.
Des recherches archéologiques récentes sur l’Ile de Cayenne (Guyane française) ont montré l’importante consommation de maïs pendant la période précolombienne récente (AD 900-1500), au moins au sein de la population du littoral de cette partie des Guyanes. Cependant, au cours de la période post-colombienne ou de l’époque moderne (AD 1500-1900), on observe plutôt une forte consommation de manioc, notamment la cassave, la bière de manioc et, plus tard, la farine. Cette dichotomie prend tout son sens lorsqu’on la discute à la lumière d’une lecture attentive des documents historiques du XVIIe siècle, d’une approche comparative de la culture matérielle et de l’interprétation de la tradition orale amérindienne locale. Ainsi, nous proposons que l’introduction de râpes en métal par les Européens a favorisé la consommation de manioc au dépens du maïs.
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Dates and versions

hal-03197211 , version 1 (13-04-2021)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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  • HAL Id : hal-03197211 , version 1

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Martijn van den Bel. How to make cassava bread: the introduction of metal graters in the Guianas during the 17th century. Americae. European Journal of Americanist Archaeology, 2020, 5, https://americae.fr/articles/make-cassava-bread-introduction-metal-graters-guianas/. ⟨hal-03197211⟩

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