Microstructure investigation of hydrothermal damage of aged SMC composites using Micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Engineering Failure Analysis Year : 2021

Microstructure investigation of hydrothermal damage of aged SMC composites using Micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy

Abstract

This paper presents an investigation on the effects of hydrothermal aging on Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) composite. Two different techniques were carried out to study the inner structure of aged SMC composite. Firstly, X-ray micro computed tomography (XμCT) was used to evaluate the changes using 3D images. The results showed cracks in all the composite structure with different shapes and volume in response to the hydrothermal conditions. The cracks results from the build up of an osmotic pressure in microcavities, which is proportional to water con­centration. However, it was not possible to quantify separately the hydrothermal induced damage in the studied SMC composite material. Therefore, the XμCT analyzes were supplemented by a microscopic study. This step has been studied in terms of crack density evolution and crack propagation rate. The results obtained by XμCT technique and SEM observations show that the damage increases continuously with time and temperature during aging. The damage was found to be located in the voids contained in the matrix at early stage of aging. Then it is mostly developed into the fiber interface in the form of fiber/matrix interfacial debonding.
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Dates and versions

hal-03116240 , version 1 (20-01-2021)

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Abir Abdessalem, Sahbi Tamboura, Joseph Fitoussi, Hachmi Ben Daly, Abbas Tcharkhtchi, et al.. Microstructure investigation of hydrothermal damage of aged SMC composites using Micro-computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy. Engineering Failure Analysis, 2021, 121, pp.105177. ⟨10.1016/j.engfailanal.2020.105177⟩. ⟨hal-03116240⟩
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