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Journal Articles Physical Review Research Year : 2020

Casimir effect with machine learning

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Abstract

Vacuum fluctuations of quantum fields between physical objects depend on the shapes, positions, and internal composition of the latter. For objects of arbitrary shapes, even made from idealized materials, the calculation of the associated zero-point (Casimir) energy is an analytically intractable challenge. We propose a new numerical approach to this problem based on machine-learning techniques and illustrate the effectiveness of the method in a (2+1) dimensional scalar field theory. The Casimir energy is first calculated numerically using a Monte-Carlo algorithm for a set of the Dirichlet boundaries of various shapes. Then, a neural network is trained to compute this energy given the Dirichlet domain, treating the latter as black-and-white pixelated images. We show that after the learning phase, the neural network is able to quickly predict the Casimir energy for new boundaries of general shapes with reasonable accuracy.
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Dates and versions

hal-02369463 , version 1 (09-11-2020)

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Maxim N. Chernodub, Harold Erbin, I. V. Grishmanovskii, V. A. Goy, A. V. Molochkov. Casimir effect with machine learning. Physical Review Research, 2020, 2, pp.033375. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033375⟩. ⟨hal-02369463⟩
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