Sexual selection and inbreeding: Two efficient ways to limit the accumulation of deleterious mutations - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Evolution Letters Year : 2019

Sexual selection and inbreeding: Two efficient ways to limit the accumulation of deleterious mutations

Abstract

Theory and empirical data showed that two processes can boost selection against deleterious mutations, thus facilitating the purging of the mutation load: inbreeding, by exposing recessive deleterious alleles to selection in homozygous form, and sexual selection, by enhancing the relative reproductive success of males with small mutation loads. These processes tend to be mutually exclusive because sexual selection is reduced under mating systems that promote inbreeding, such as self-fertilization in hermaphrodites. We estimated the relative efficiency of inbreeding and sexual selection at purging the genetic load, using 50 generations of experimental evolution, in a hermaphroditic snail (Physa acuta). To this end, we generated lines that were exposed to various intensities of inbreeding, sexual selection (on the male function), and nonsexual selection (on the female function). We measured how these regimes affected the mutation load, quantified through the survival of outcrossed and selfed juveniles. We found that juvenile survival strongly decreased in outbred lines with reduced male selection, but not when female selection was relaxed, showing that male-specific sexual selection does purge deleterious mutations. However, in lines exposed to inbreeding, where sexual selection was also relaxed, survival did not decrease, and even increased for self-fertilized juveniles, showing that purging through inbreeding can compensate for the absence of sexual selection. Our results point to the further question of whether a mixed strategy combining the advantages of both mechanisms of genetic purging could be evolutionary stable.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Publis19-agap-008_1.pdf (440.06 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02366845 , version 1 (25-05-2020)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Elsa Noël, Elise Fruitet, Dennyss Lelaurin, Nicolas Bonel, Adeline Segard, et al.. Sexual selection and inbreeding: Two efficient ways to limit the accumulation of deleterious mutations. Evolution Letters, 2019, 3 (1), pp.80-92. ⟨10.1002/evl3.93⟩. ⟨hal-02366845⟩
42 View
85 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More