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Journal Articles Universe Year : 2022

Chiral Magnetic Josephson Junction as a Base for Low-Noise Superconducting Qubits

Maxim N. Chernodub
Dmitri Kharzeev

Abstract

The lack of space inversion symmetry endows non-centrosymmetric superconducting materials with various interesting parity-breaking phenomena, including the anomalous Josephson effect. Our paper considers a Josephson junction of two non-centrosymmetric superconductors connected by a uniaxial ferromagnet. We show that this “Chiral Magnetic Josephson junction” (CMJ junction) exhibits a direct analog of the Chiral Magnetic Effect, which has already been observed in Weyl and Dirac semimetals. We suggest that the CMJ can serve as an element of a qubit with a Hamiltonian tunable by the ferromagnet’s magnetization. The CMJ junction avoids using an offset magnetic flux in inductively shunted qubits, thus enabling a simpler and more robust architecture. Furthermore, when the uniaxial ferromagnet’s easy axis is directed across the junction, the resulting “chiral magnetic qubit” provides robust protection from the noise caused by magnetization fluctuations.
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Dates and versions

hal-02263645 , version 1 (09-11-2020)
hal-02263645 , version 2 (05-01-2023)

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Maxim N. Chernodub, Julien Garaud, Dmitri Kharzeev. Chiral Magnetic Josephson Junction as a Base for Low-Noise Superconducting Qubits. Universe, 2022, 8 (12), pp.657. ⟨10.3390/universe8120657⟩. ⟨hal-02263645v2⟩
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