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Journal Articles Nature Year : 2016

A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia

Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas , Michael Westaway , Craig Muller , Vitor Hugo Sousa (1) , Oscar Lao (2) , Isabel Alves , Anders Bergström (3) , Georgios Athanasiadis , Jade Cheng , Jacob Crawford , Tim Heupink , Enrico Macholdt (4) , Stephan Peischl , Rasmus Rasmussen , Stephan Schiffels , Sankar Subramanian (5) , Joanne Wright , Anders Albrechtsen (6) , Chiara Barbieri , Isabelle Dupanloup (7) , Anders Eriksson (8) , Ashot Margaryan , Ida Moltke , Irina Pugach , Thorfinn Korneliussen , Ivan Levkivskyi , J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar , Shengyu Ni , Fernando Racimo , Martin Sikora (9) , Yali Xue (10) , Jeffrey Aghakhanian , Nicolas Brucato (11) , Søren Brunak (12) , Paula Campos , Warren Wales , Sturla Ellingvåg , Gudjugudju Fourmile , Pascale Gerbault , Darren Injie , George Koki , Matthew Leavesley , Betty Logan , Aubrey Lynch , Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith (13) , Peter Mcallister (14) , Alexander Mentzer (15) , Mait Metspalu (16) , Andrea Migliano , Les Murgha , Jeffrey Phipps , William Pomat , Doc Reynolds , Francois-Xavier Ricaut (11) , Peter Siba (17) , Mark Thomas , Thomas Wales , Colleen Ma'Run Wall , Stephen Oppenheimer , Chris Tyler-Smith (18) , Richard Durbin (19) , Joe Dortch , Andrea Manica , Mikkel Schierup , Robert Foley , Marta Mirazón Lahr , Claire Bowern (20) , Jeffrey Wall , Thomas Mailund (21) , Mark Stoneking (4) , Rasmus Nielsen (22) , Manjinder S. Sandhu (23) , Laurent Excoffier (24) , David Lambert , Eske Willerslev (25) , Simon Rasmussen (26) , Isabel Dupanloup , Farhang Aghakhanian , Nicolas Ni , Warren Clark , Maude Phipps , Colleen Ma’run Wall , Thomas Thomas , Rasmus Ni
Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas
  • Function : Author
Michael Westaway
  • Function : Author
Craig Muller
  • Function : Author
Oscar Lao
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  • PersonId : 906934
Isabel Alves
Georgios Athanasiadis
  • Function : Author
Jade Cheng
  • Function : Author
Jacob Crawford
  • Function : Author
Tim Heupink
  • Function : Author
Stephan Peischl
  • Function : Author
Rasmus Rasmussen
  • Function : Author
Stephan Schiffels
  • Function : Author
Joanne Wright
  • Function : Author
Chiara Barbieri
Ashot Margaryan
  • Function : Author
Ida Moltke
  • Function : Author
Irina Pugach
  • Function : Author
Thorfinn Korneliussen
  • Function : Author
Ivan Levkivskyi
  • Function : Author
J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar
  • Function : Author
Shengyu Ni
  • Function : Author
Fernando Racimo
  • Function : Author
Yali Xue
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 913358
Jeffrey Aghakhanian
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Brucato
  • Function : Author
Paula Campos
  • Function : Author
Warren Wales
  • Function : Author
Sturla Ellingvåg
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Gudjugudju Fourmile
  • Function : Author
Pascale Gerbault
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Darren Injie
  • Function : Author
George Koki
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Matthew Leavesley
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Betty Logan
  • Function : Author
Aubrey Lynch
  • Function : Author
Alexander Mentzer
Andrea Migliano
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Les Murgha
  • Function : Author
Jeffrey Phipps
  • Function : Author
William Pomat
  • Function : Author
Doc Reynolds
  • Function : Author
Francois-Xavier Ricaut
Mark Thomas
Thomas Wales
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Colleen Ma'Run Wall
  • Function : Author
Stephen Oppenheimer
  • Function : Author
Chris Tyler-Smith
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 913363
Joe Dortch
  • Function : Author
Andrea Manica
Mikkel Schierup
  • Function : Author
Robert Foley
  • Function : Author
Marta Mirazón Lahr
  • Function : Author
Jeffrey Wall
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Mark Stoneking
David Lambert
  • Function : Author
Isabel Dupanloup
  • Function : Author
Farhang Aghakhanian
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Ni
  • Function : Author
Warren Clark
  • Function : Author
Maude Phipps
  • Function : Author
Colleen Ma’run Wall
  • Function : Author
Thomas Thomas
  • Function : Author
Rasmus Ni
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The population history of Aboriginal Australians remains largely uncharacterized. Here we generate high-coverage genomes for 83 Aboriginal Australians (speakers of Pama-Nyungan languages) and 25 Papuans from the New Guinea Highlands. We find that Papuan and Aboriginal Australian ancestors diversified 25-40 thousand years ago (kya), suggesting pre-Holocene population structure in the ancient continent of Sahul (Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania). However, all of the studied Aboriginal Australians descend from a single founding population that differentiated ~10-32 kya. We infer a population expansion in northeast Australia during the Holocene epoch (past 10,000 years) associated with limited gene flow from this region to the rest of Australia, consistent with the spread of the Pama-Nyungan languages. We estimate that Aboriginal Australians and Papuans diverged from Eurasians 51-72 kya, following a single out-of-Africa dispersal, and subsequently admixed with archaic populations. Finally, we report evidence of selection in Aboriginal Australians potentially associated with living in the desert.

Dates and versions

hal-02112765 , version 1 (26-04-2019)

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Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas, Michael Westaway, Craig Muller, Vitor Hugo Sousa, Oscar Lao, et al.. A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia. Nature, 2016, 538 (7624), pp.207-214. ⟨10.1038/nature18299⟩. ⟨hal-02112765⟩
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