Inattentional deafness to auditory alarms: Inter-individual differences, electrophysiological signature and single trial classification - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Behavioural Brain Research Year : 2019

Inattentional deafness to auditory alarms: Inter-individual differences, electrophysiological signature and single trial classification

Abstract

Inattentional deafness can have deleterious consequences in complex real-life situations (e.g. healthcare, aviation) leading to miss critical auditory signals. Such failure of auditory attention is thought to rely on top-down biasing mechanisms at the central executive level. A complementary approach to account for this phenomenon is to consider the existence of visual dominance over hearing that could be implemented via direct visual-to-auditory pathways. To investigate this phenomenon, thirteen aircraft pilots, equipped with a 32-channel EEG system, faced a low and high workload scenarii along with an auditory oddball task in a motion flight simulator. Prior to the flying task, the pilots were screened to assess their working memory span and visual dominance susceptibility. The behavioral results disclosed that the volunteers missed 57.7% of the auditory alarms in the difficult condition. Among all evaluated capabilities, only the visual dominance index was predictive of the miss rate in the difficult scenario. These findings provide behavioral evidences that other early cross-modal competitive process than top down modulation process could account for inattentional deafness. The electrophysiological analyses showed that the miss over the hit alarms led to a significant amplitude reduction of early perceptual (N100) and late attentional (P3a and P3b) event-related potentials components. Eventually, we implemented an EEG-based processing pipeline to perform single-trial classification of inattentional deafness. The results indicate that this processing chain could be used in an ecological setting as it led to 72.2% mean accuracy to discriminate missed from hit auditory alarms.
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Dates and versions

hal-01991825 , version 1 (24-01-2019)

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Frédéric Dehais, Raphaëlle N. Roy, Sébastien Scannella. Inattentional deafness to auditory alarms: Inter-individual differences, electrophysiological signature and single trial classification. Behavioural Brain Research, 2019, 360, pp.51-59. ⟨10.1016/j.bbr.2018.11.045⟩. ⟨hal-01991825⟩
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