Major role of water bodies on diurnal precipitation regimes in Eastern Africa. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Climatology Year : 2018

Major role of water bodies on diurnal precipitation regimes in Eastern Africa.

Abstract

Mean diurnal rainfall regimes over Eastern Africa (also referred to as the Greater Horn of Africa) are studied based on 3-hourly data from the TRMM 3B42 data set, averaged over a 17-year period (1998–2014). The consistency with long-term mean raingauge data, available for partly independent periods, varies from good (Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia) to very good (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda). Over sea (Indian Ocean and Red Sea), the diurnal rainfall distribution is quite uniform; however, a morning peak dominates and there is evidence of offshore phase propagation south of the equator. Over land, both rainfall frequency and rainfall amounts show a dominant afternoon maximum (1500–1800 East African Time, i.e. GMT + 3). However, many inland regions show a delayed rainfall maximum (evening, night-time or morning). The evening to night-time maximum found over some land areas is associated with a phase propagation from areas showing an afternoon peak. This occurs west of high ground areas (Sudan and parts of the Great Lakes region) and in belts parallel to the seashores (Eritrea, northeastern Ethiopia, Somalia and eastern Kenya). The latter provide indirect evidence that sea breeze effects can be detected at unexpectedly great distances from the coast (up to 300–400 km) in parts of Eastern Africa. A remarkable ring of early afternoon (1500) maxima is found around most lakes, although some east–west asymmetries occur. Over the lakes, a morning or late night maximum is mostly found. It is generally inversely related to the distance to the shorelines for the larger lakes, but over the mid-size lakes it is replaced by or competes with a late afternoon to evening maximum.
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Dates and versions

hal-01700808 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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Pierre Camberlin, Wilson Gitau, Olivier Planchon, Vincent Dubreuil, Beatriz M. Funatsu, et al.. Major role of water bodies on diurnal precipitation regimes in Eastern Africa.. International Journal of Climatology, 2018, 38 (2), pp.613-629. ⟨10.1002/joc.5197⟩. ⟨hal-01700808⟩
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