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Journal Articles Mycorrhiza Year : 2016

New mutualistic fungal endophytes isolated from poplar roots display high metal tolerance

Abstract

This study aimed to isolate, identify, and character-ise metal-tolerant fungi colonising poplar roots at a metal-contaminated phytoremediation site. Poplar roots were colonised by arbuscular mycorrhizal, ectomycorrhizal, and endophytic fungi, and the species were determined by ITS molecular analyses. Eight different isolates were successfully isolated into pure culture. Three isolates belonging to the Helotiales (P02, P06) and the Serendipita vermifera species (P04) were highly tolerant to metals (Cd, Zn, Pb, and Cu) compared to the mycorrhizal Hebeloma isolates. The three isolates degraded complex carbohydrates, such as xylan and cellulose, indicating that they could partially degrade root cell walls and penetrate into cells. This hypothesis was confirmed by further in vitro re-synthesis experiments, which showed that the three isolates colonised root tissues of poplar plantlets whereas two of them formed microsclerotia-like structures. Taken together, these results suggest an endophytic lifestyle of these isolates. This is the first evidence of S. vermifera as a root endophyte of poplar. A new endophytic putative species belonging to the Helotiales and closely related to Leohumicola is also reported. Interestingly, and when compared to mock-inoculated plants, both P06 and P04 isolates increased the number of root tips of inoculated poplar plantlets in vitro. Moreover, the S. vermifera P04 isolate also increased the shoot biomass. The results are discussed in relation to the potential use of endophytic strains for tree-based phytoremediation of metal-contaminated sites.
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Dates and versions

hal-01512275 , version 1 (09-04-2020)

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Laurence Lacercat-Didier, Charlotte Berthelot, Julie Foulon, Audrey Errard, Elena Martino, et al.. New mutualistic fungal endophytes isolated from poplar roots display high metal tolerance. Mycorrhiza, 2016, 26 (7), pp.657 - 671. ⟨10.1007/s00572-016-0699-y⟩. ⟨hal-01512275⟩
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