Direct benefits from choosing a virgin male in the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Animal Behaviour Year : 2016

Direct benefits from choosing a virgin male in the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.

Karen Muller
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Laura Arenas
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Jérôme Moreau

Abstract

In Lepidoptera, male investment in the ejaculate usually declines over consecutive matings, a depletion that could have profound consequences for female reproductive output. Since successive matings can affect the ability of males to provide phenotypic benefits, there may be strong selection for females to discriminate between males with different mating experience. The aim of our study was to determine whether monandrous females of the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana, are able to discriminate between males of different quality based on their mating experience in order to maximize direct benefits (by receiving large spermatophores from virgin males) and minimize mating costs (by avoiding low-quality nonvirgin males). Nonvirgin males produced spermatophores five times smaller than those of virgin males; consequently, mating with nonvirgin males significantly reduced female fecundity and increased their motivation to remate. In a mate preference experiment, we found that females were more likely to mate with virgin males and more frequently rejected nonvirgin mates. Moreover, nonvirgin males required more time to achieve mating than virgin males. Our results suggest that females are able to discriminate between males with different mating experience, and prefer virgin males, thereby maximizing direct benefits associated with receiving large spermatophores.
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Karen Muller, Laura Arenas, Denis Thiéry, Jérôme Moreau. Direct benefits from choosing a virgin male in the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana.. Animal Behaviour, 2016, 114, pp.165-172. ⟨10.1016/j.anbehav.2016.02.005⟩. ⟨hal-01291254⟩
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