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Journal Articles Polymer international Year : 2012

Effect of crystallization on barrier properties of formulated polylactide

Abstract

Polylactide (PLA), a biodegradable polymer obtained from biomass, was formulated with a nucleating agent, talc, and a plasticizer, acetyl tributyl citrate, and cold crystallized in α and α′ form. The barrier properties of crystallized PLA were investigated as a function of the formulation and the crystalline form, thanks to three molecules with increasing polymer interactions, i.e. helium, oxygen and ethyl acetate (EA). Contrary to expectation, the oxygen diffusion coefficient in neat and formulated PLA did not decrease with crystallization. Even an increase of the diffusion coefficient was noticed for the most interacting probe, EA, in formulated PLA. Conditioning of neat and formulated PLA in an atmosphere containing EA vapour caused a modification of the material structure by plasticization and induced crystallization even at small EA activities. The plasticizing effect caused the glass transition temperature Tg to shift to below ambient temperature. In the case of neat PLA induced crystallization in solely the α form was obtained, and in the case of formulated PLA a blend of α and α′ forms was observed. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry
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Dates and versions

hal-01200977 , version 1 (17-09-2015)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01200977 , version 1
  • DOI : 10.1002/pi.3167
  • ENSAM : http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10042
  • PRODINRA : 216000
  • WOS : 000298840000006

Cite

Cécile Courgneau, S Domenek, A Guinault, Luc Avérous, Violette Ducruet. Effect of crystallization on barrier properties of formulated polylactide. Polymer international, 2012, 61 (2), pp.180-189. ⟨10.1002/pi.3167⟩. ⟨hal-01200977⟩
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