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Conference Papers Year : 2014

A Multi-agent Min-Cost Flow problem with Controllable Capacities: Complexity of Finding a Maximum-Flow Nash Equilibrium

Abstract

A Multi-Agent Minimum-Cost Flow problem is addressed in this paper. It can be seen as a basic multi-agent transportation problem where every agent can control the capacities of a set of elementary routes (modeled as arcs inside a network), each agent incurring a cost proportional to the chosen capacity. We assume that a customer is interesting in transshipping a product flow from a source to a sink node through the transportation network. It offers a reward that is proportional to the flow that the agents manage to provide. The reward is shared among the agents according to a pre-established policy. This problem can be seen as a non-cooperative game where every agent aims at maximizing its individual profit. We take interest in finding stable strategies (i.e., Nash Equilibrium) such that no agent has any incentive to modify its behavior. We show how such equilibrium can be characterized by means of augmenting or decreasing path in a reduced network. We also focus on the problem of finding a Nash equilibrium that maximizes the flow value and prove its NP-hardness.
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Dates and versions

hal-00957660 , version 1 (10-03-2014)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00957660 , version 1

Cite

Nadia Fakhfakh Chaabane, Cyril Briand, Marie-José Huguet. A Multi-agent Min-Cost Flow problem with Controllable Capacities: Complexity of Finding a Maximum-Flow Nash Equilibrium. International Conference on Operations Research and Enterprise Systems (ICORES), Mar 2014, Angers, France. 8p. ⟨hal-00957660⟩
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