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Reports (Research Report) Year : 2014

Ancestral lineages and limit theorems for branching Markov chains

Abstract

We consider a branching model in discrete time for structured population in varying environment. Each individual has a trait, which belongs to some general state space and both the reproduction law and the trait inherited by the offsprings may depend on the trait of the mother and the environment. We study the long time behavior of the population and the ancestral lineage of typical individuals under general assumptions. We focus on the growth rate and the trait distribution among the population for large time and provide some estimations of the local densities. A key role is played by well chosen (possibly non-homogeneous) Markov chains. It relies in particular on an extension of many-to-one formula and the analysis of the genealogy, in the vein of the spine decomposition. The applications use the spectral gap of the mean operator, the Harris ergodicity or the large deviations of this auxiliary Markov chain.
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Dates and versions

hal-00851284 , version 1 (13-08-2013)
hal-00851284 , version 2 (24-11-2013)
hal-00851284 , version 3 (20-10-2014)
hal-00851284 , version 4 (10-11-2014)

Licence

Public Domain

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Cite

Vincent Bansaye. Ancestral lineages and limit theorems for branching Markov chains. [Research Report] Ecole polytechnique. 2014. ⟨hal-00851284v4⟩
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