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Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2011

Snails as indicators of pesticide drift, deposit, transfer and effects in the vineyard

Abstract

This paper presents a field-study of real pesticide application conditions in a vineyard. The objective was to measure the exposure, the transfer and the effects of pesticides on a non-target soil invertebrate, the land snail Helix aspersa. There was no drift of the herbicides (glyphosate and glufosinate) whereas the fungicides (cymoxanil, folpet, tebuconazole and pyraclostrobin) were detected up to 20 m from the treated area. For folpet and particularly tebuconazole, spray deposits on soil (corresponding to losses for the intended target i.e. the vine leaves) were high (41.1% and 88.8% loss of applied dose, respectively). For herbicides, the target was the soil and losses (percentage of compounds which did not reach the soil) were of 22% for glufosinate and 52% for glyphosate. In the study plot, glyphosate was transferred to and accumulated in snail tissues (4 mg kg−1 dry weight, dw), as was its metabolite AMPA (8 mg kg−1 dw) which could be in relation with the reduced growth observed in snails. No effects on snail survival or growth were found after exposure to the other organic compounds or to copper and sulphur-fungicides, although transfer of tebuconazole, pyraclostrobin and copper occurred. This study brings original field data on the fate of pesticides in a vineyard agro-ecosystem under real conditions of application and shows that transfer and effects of pesticides to a non-target organism occurred.

Dates and versions

hal-00623847 , version 1 (15-09-2011)

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Coline Druart, Maurice Millet, Renaud Scheifler, Olivier Delhomme, Caroline Raeppel, et al.. Snails as indicators of pesticide drift, deposit, transfer and effects in the vineyard. Science of the Total Environment, 2011, 409 (20), pp.4280-4288. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.07.006⟩. ⟨hal-00623847⟩
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