Wild brown trout affected by historical mining in the Cévennes national park, France. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Technology Year : 2011

Wild brown trout affected by historical mining in the Cévennes national park, France.

Abstract

In the protected area of the Cévennes National Park (Southern France), 114 wild brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) were captured at six locations affected to different extents by historical mining and metallurgy dating from the Iron Age to Modern Times. Cadmium and lead in trout livers and muscles reflect high sediment contamination, although an age-related effect was also detected for hepatic metal concentrations. Lead isotope signatures confirm exposure to drainage from mining and metallurgical waste. Developmental instability, assessed by fluctuating asymmetry, is significantly correlated with cadmium and lead concentrations in trout tissues, suggesting that local contamination may have affected fish development. Nowadays, the area is among the least industrialized in France. However, our results show that 60% of the specimens at one site exceed EU maximum allowed cadmium or lead concentration in foodstuffs. The mining heritage should not be neglected when establishing strategies for long-term environmental management.
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Dates and versions

hal-00621255 , version 1 (09-09-2011)

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Fabrice Monna, Estelle Camizuli, P. Revelli, C. Biville, C. Thomas, et al.. Wild brown trout affected by historical mining in the Cévennes national park, France.. Environmental Science and Technology, 2011, 45 (16), pp.6823-6830. ⟨10.1021/es200755n⟩. ⟨hal-00621255⟩
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