Artifical transfer and morphological description of virus particles associated with superparasitism behaviour in a parasitoid wasp. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Insect Physiology Year : 2006

Artifical transfer and morphological description of virus particles associated with superparasitism behaviour in a parasitoid wasp.

Abstract

In parasitoids, the adaptive significance of superparasitism (laying of egg(s) in already parasitized hosts) has been the subject of strong controversy. The current view is to interpret this behaviour as an adaptation to increased competition for hosts, because the supernumerary egg still has a chance to win possession for the host. However, we recently discovered that in the solitary parasitoid Leptopilina boulardi, superparasitism is rather caused by an unknown infectious element: stable non superparasitizing lineages (NS) are transformed into stable superparasitizing lineages (S) after eggs from both lineages have competed inside the same host (superparasitism). In this report, we investigate the nature and location of the causative agent. Involvement of bacteria is unlikely because antibiotic treatments do not affect wasp phenotype and because bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA was not detected using PCR. We report successful injection experiments showing that the causative agents are located in wasp poison gland and ovaries and are stably inherited. Electron microscopic studies demonstrate that long filamentous virus particles located in wasp oviducts are strongly associated with superparasitism behaviour, leading to reconsider the adaptive significance of this behaviour in parasitoids. Interestingly, parasitoids are often infected with similar viruses for which no phenotypic effect has been documented. This raises the possibility that they could induce the same behavioural manipulation.
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Dates and versions

hal-00428031 , version 1 (27-07-2023)

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Julien Varaldi, M. Ravallec, C. Labrosse, M. Lopez-Ferber, M. Boulétreau, et al.. Artifical transfer and morphological description of virus particles associated with superparasitism behaviour in a parasitoid wasp.. Journal of Insect Physiology, 2006, 52 (11-12), pp.1202-1212. ⟨10.1016/j.jinsphys.2006.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-00428031⟩
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