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Journal Articles Journal of Asian Earth Sciences Year : 2018

The indosinian orogeny: A perspective from sedimentary archives of north Vietnam

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Sylvie Bourquin
Erwan Hallot
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 840703
Marc Poujol
Marie-Pierre Dabard
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 840697
Arnaud Brayard
Françoise Roger

Abstract

The Triassic stratigraphic framework for the Song Da and the Sam Nua basins, north Vietnam, suffers important discrepancies regarding both the depositional environments and ages of the main formations they contain. Using sedimentological analyses and dating (foraminifer biostratigraphy and U-Pb dating on detrital zircon), we provide an improved stratigraphic framework for both basins. A striking feature in the Song Da Basin, located on the southern margin of the South China Block, is the diachronous deposition, over a basal unconformity, of terrestrial and marine deposits. The sedimentary succession of the Song Da Basin points to a foreland setting during the late Early to the Middle Triassic, which contrasts with the commonly interpreted rift setting. On the northern margin of the Indochina Block, the Sam Nua Basin recorded the activity of a proximal magmatic arc during the late Permian up to the Anisian. This arc resulted from the subduction of a southward dipping oceanic slab that separated the South China block from the Indochina block. During the Middle to the Late Triassic, the Song Da and Sam Nua basins underwent erosion that led to the formation of a major unconformity, resulting from the erosion of the Middle Triassic Indosinian mountain belt, built after an ongoing continental collision between the South China and the Indochina blocks. Later, during the Late Triassic, as syn- to post-orogenic foreland basins in a terrestrial setting, the Song Da and Sam Nua basins experienced the deposition of very coarse detrital material representing products of the mountain belt erosion.
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Dates and versions

insu-01737118 , version 1 (19-03-2018)

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Camille Rossignol, Sylvie Bourquin, Erwan Hallot, Marc Poujol, Marie-Pierre Dabard, et al.. The indosinian orogeny: A perspective from sedimentary archives of north Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2018, 158, pp.352-380. ⟨10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.03.009⟩. ⟨insu-01737118⟩
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