Assessing the Risk of Windborne Dispersal of Culicoides Midges in Emerging Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Outbreaks in France - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Transboundary and emerging diseases Year : 2024

Assessing the Risk of Windborne Dispersal of Culicoides Midges in Emerging Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Outbreaks in France

Abstract

The epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is a novel emerging threat for the European livestock sector. First detected in Sardinia and southern Spain at the end of 2022, this transboundary disease emerged in France in September 2023 despite restrictions on animal movement and enhanced surveillance protocols. Although virus spread is believed to be mediated by the dispersal of Culicoides vectors by the wind, prediction is difficult due to the large number of meteorological parameters that must be considered. Using simulations of atmospheric trajectories, we developed a model to investigate the long‐distance dispersal risk zone of Culicoides in Europe, starting from different source zones. Our model predicted with good sensitivity the newly EHDV‐infected areas in France over a period of 5 weeks after its first introduction in the country. Prospectively, we predicted that the midge dispersal zone of early 2024 could expand toward most of the western half of France and could sporadically reach new countries under favorable spring conditions. The wind dispersal risk maps provided are intended to support better preparedness and response to Culicoides ‐borne diseases.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases - 2024 - Bibard - Assessing the Risk of Windborne Dispersal of Culicoides Midges in.pdf (4.15 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04629366 , version 1 (01-07-2024)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Amandine Bibard, Davide Martinetti, Albert Picado, Karine Chalvet-Monfray, Thibaud Porphyre. Assessing the Risk of Windborne Dispersal of Culicoides Midges in Emerging Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Outbreaks in France. Transboundary and emerging diseases, 2024, 2024 (1), pp.5571195. ⟨10.1155/2024/5571195⟩. ⟨hal-04629366⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More