Effects of Arboviral Infections on Transposable Element Transcript Levels in <i>Aedes aegypti</i> - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Genome Biology and Evolution Year : 2024

Effects of Arboviral Infections on Transposable Element Transcript Levels in Aedes aegypti

Abstract

Transposable elements are mobile repeated sequences found in all genomes. Transposable elements are controlled by RNA interference pathways in most organisms, and this control involves the PIWI-interacting RNA pathway and the small interfering RNA pathway, which is also known to be the first line of antiviral defense in invertebrates. Using Drosophila, we recently showed that viral infections result in the modulation of transposable element transcript levels through modulation of the small RNA repertoire. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is of particular interest because almost half of its genome is made of transposable elements, and it is described as a major vector of viruses (such as the dengue [DENV], Zika [ZIKV], and chikungunya [CHIKV] arboviruses). Moreover, Aedes mosquitoes are unique among insects in that the PIWI-interacting RNA pathway is also involved in the somatic antiviral response, in addition to the transposable element control and PIWI-interacting RNA pathway genes expanded in the mosquito genome. For these reasons, we studied the impacts of viral infections on transposable element transcript levels in A. aegypti samples. We retrieved public datasets corresponding to RNA-seq data obtained from viral infections by DENV, ZIKV, and CHIKV in various tissues. We found that transposable element transcripts are moderately modulated following viral infection and that the direction of the modulation varies greatly across tissues and viruses. These results highlight the need for an in-depth investigation of the tightly intertwined interactions between transposable elements and viruses
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hal-04611291 , version 1 (13-06-2024)

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Chloé Garambois, Matthieu Boulesteix, Marie Fablet. Effects of Arboviral Infections on Transposable Element Transcript Levels in Aedes aegypti. Genome Biology and Evolution, 2024, 16 (5), pp.evae092. ⟨10.1093/gbe/evae092⟩. ⟨hal-04611291⟩
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