Expert Consensus on Clinical Decision Making in the Disease Trajectory of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Adults: An International Delphi Study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Medicine Year : 2023

Expert Consensus on Clinical Decision Making in the Disease Trajectory of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Adults: An International Delphi Study

Abstract

To date, no consensus exists on the complex clinical decision-making processes involved in oropharyngeal dysphagia, or swallowing disorders. This study aimed to develop an international consensus on a clinical decision tree for the disease trajectory of oropharyngeal dysphagia in adults, taking into account physiological impairments of swallowing, risk factors for the development of complications from oropharyngeal dysphagia, and prognostic factors for treatment outcomes. Using the Delphi technique, consensus was achieved among dysphagia experts across 31 countries, resulting in a total of 10 physiological impairments, 23 risk factors and 21 prognostic factors identified as relevant factors in the clinical decision-making process. Factors most contributing to the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia were ‘Aspiration’, ‘Incomplete ejection or failure to eject aspirated materials from the airways’, ‘Weak or absent cough’, ‘Choking’ and ‘Sensory deficits in the oropharynx’. To connect the existing theoretical framework to clinical practice, future research will develop the current findings by corroborating the domains based on relevant factors for clinical decision making and those that contribute to the severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia.
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hal-04595268 , version 1 (31-05-2024)

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Renée Speyer, Mathieu Balaguer, Emmanuelle Cugy, Clémence Devoucoux, Sylvain Morinière, et al.. Expert Consensus on Clinical Decision Making in the Disease Trajectory of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Adults: An International Delphi Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2023, 12 (20), pp.6572. ⟨10.3390/jcm12206572⟩. ⟨hal-04595268⟩
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