The use of bones as tools in Late Lower Paleolithic of Central Italy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2024

The use of bones as tools in Late Lower Paleolithic of Central Italy

Abstract

The Latium area in Italy has yielded rich evidence of Lower Paleolithic sites with both faunal remains, artefacts, and human fossil remains, such as the Ceprano human skull. Many are the sites where lithic industry has been found in association with bone industry. Medium and large animals were a key resource because they provided an enormous amount of meat and fat. However, they were extensively exploited for their bones, rich in marrow, and as raw material for tool production. Bone tools are so far few documented for early period of time and especially for the Middle Pleistocene in Western Europe. We report here evidence of bone tools and their efficiency of use for hominin groups living in the Frosinone-Ceprano basin during the MIS 11/10, a key period which records behavioral innovations and onset of the Neanderthal behaviors. In three sites, Isoletta, Colle Avarone and Selvotta, several bone tools and bone flakes have been discovered (MIS 11/10). They were associated to stone artefacts part of the hominins tool-kit. Technological and use-wear analyses conducted on these bone industries, dated between 410 and 430 ka, yield relevant results to understand the effectiveness of the bones tools found associated with lithic series, including handaxes.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Marinelli et al 2024 SR Bone tools MIS 11.pdf (2.84 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04583323 , version 1 (22-05-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Flavia Marinelli, Marie-Hélène Moncel, Cristina Lemorini. The use of bones as tools in Late Lower Paleolithic of Central Italy. Scientific Reports, 2024, 14, pp.11666. ⟨10.1038/s41598-024-62612-z⟩. ⟨hal-04583323⟩
0 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More