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Journal Articles Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory Year : 2024

A literature review of dense crowd simulation


Pedestrian modeling and simulation has become an interesting topic that has gained scientists’ interest over the past few decades. While this field has yielded significant achievements in various applications, questions have been raised regarding the applicability of simulations in high-density scenarios. To this purpose, this paper comprehensively reviews pedestrian simulation models specifically focused on high-density situations. The review examines a total of 116 articles and categorizes their approaches for modeling pedestrian behaviors to different decisional levels. The strengths and limitations of these modeling approaches are compared and evaluated using different criteria for dense crowd simulations, such as their ability to simulate common emergent behaviors in crowded situations, performance, validation, and capacity to integrate into high-level modeling. Finally, the review provides potential directions for future research and development of dense crowd simulations.
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Dates and versions

hal-04573057 , version 1 (13-05-2024)



Huu-Tu Dang, Benoit Gaudou, Nicolas Verstaevel. A literature review of dense crowd simulation. Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, In press, pp.102955. ⟨10.1016/j.simpat.2024.102955⟩. ⟨hal-04573057⟩
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