Endurance training and hydroxyurea have synergistic effects on muscle function and energetics in sickle cell disease mice - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases Year : 2024

Endurance training and hydroxyurea have synergistic effects on muscle function and energetics in sickle cell disease mice

Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an hemoglobinopathy resulting in the production of an abnormal Hb (HbS) which can polymerize in deoxygenated conditions, leading to the sickling of red blood cells (RBC). These alterations can decrease the oxygen-carrying capacity leading to impaired function and energetics of skeletal muscle. Any strategy which could reverse the corresponding defects could be of interest. In SCD, endurance training is known to improve multiples muscle properties which restores patient’s exercise capacity but present reduced effects in anemic patients. Hydroxyurea (HU) can increase fetal hemoglobin production which can reduce anemia in patients. The present study was conducted to determine whether HU can improve the effects of endurance training to improve muscle function and energetics. Twenty SCD Townes mice have been trained for 8 weeks with (n = 11) or without (n = 9) HU. SCD mice muscle function and energetics were analyzed during a standardized rest-exercise-recovery protocol, using Phosphorus-31 Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) and transcutaneous stimulation. The combination of training and HU specifically decreased fatigue index and PCr consumption while muscle oxidative capacity was improved. These results illustrate the potential synergistic effects of endurance training and HU on muscle function and energetics in sickle cell disease.
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hal-04566010 , version 1 (02-05-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Constance Michel, Laurent Messonnier, Benoit Giannesini, Christophe Vilmen, Joevin Sourdon, et al.. Endurance training and hydroxyurea have synergistic effects on muscle function and energetics in sickle cell disease mice. Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, 2024, 107, pp.102853. ⟨10.1016/j.bcmd.2024.102853⟩. ⟨hal-04566010⟩
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