ToF-SIMS imaging shows specific lipophilic vitamin alterations in chronic reprotoxicity caused by the emerging contaminant Pravastatin in Gammarus fossarum. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Aquatic Toxicology Year : 2024

ToF-SIMS imaging shows specific lipophilic vitamin alterations in chronic reprotoxicity caused by the emerging contaminant Pravastatin in Gammarus fossarum.

Sarah Bancel
  • Function : Author
Hervé Quéau
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1202921
Laura Garnero
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1203241
Nicolas Delorme
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1202832
Arnaud Chaumot

Abstract

Blood lipid-lowering agents, such as Pravastatin, are among the most frequently used pharmaceuticals released into the aquatic environment. Although their effects on humans are very well understood, their consequences on freshwater organisms are not well known, especially in chronic exposure conditions. Gammarus fossarum is commonly used as sentinel species in ecotoxicology because of its sensitivity to a wide range of environmental contaminants and the availability of standardized bioassays. Moreover, there is an increased interest in linking molecular changes in sentinel species, such as gammarids, to observed toxic effects. Here, we performed a reproductive toxicity assay on females exposed to different concentrations of pravastatin (30; 300; 3,000 and 30,000 ng L−1) during two successive reproductive cycles and we applied ToF-SIMS imaging to evaluate the effect of pravastatin on lipid homeostasis in gammarids. Reproductive bioassay showed that pravastatin could affect oocyte development in Gammarus fossarum inducing embryotoxicity in the second reproductive cycle. Mass spectrometry imaging highlighted the disruption in vitamin E production in the oocytes of exposed female gammarids at the second reproductive cycle, while limited alterations were observed in other lipid classes, regarding both production and tissue distribution. The results demonstrated the interest of applying spatially resolved lipidomics by mass spectrometry imaging to assess the molecular effects induced by long-term exposure to environmental pharmaceutical residues in sentinel species.
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hal-04565127 , version 1 (01-05-2024)

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Tingting Fu, Valentina Calabrese, Anabelle Espeyte, Sarah Bancel, Hervé Quéau, et al.. ToF-SIMS imaging shows specific lipophilic vitamin alterations in chronic reprotoxicity caused by the emerging contaminant Pravastatin in Gammarus fossarum.. Aquatic Toxicology, 2024, pp.106935. ⟨10.1016/j.aquatox.2024.106935⟩. ⟨hal-04565127⟩
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