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Journal Articles Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Year : 2024

Experimental ecotoxicology procedures interfere with honey bee life history

Abstract

Apis mellifera was used as a model species for ecotoxicological testing. In the present study, we tested the effects of acetone (0.1% in feed), a solvent commonly used to dissolve pesticides, on bees exposed at different developmental stages (larval and/or adult). Moreover, we explored the potential effect of in vitro larval rearing, a commonly used technique for accurately monitoring worker exposure at the larval stage, by combining acetone exposure and treatment conditions (in vitro larval rearing vs. in vivo larval rearing). We then analyzed the life‐history traits of the experimental bees using radio frequency identification technology over three sessions (May, June, and August) to assess the potential seasonal dependence of the solvent effects. Our results highlight the substantial influence of in vitro larval rearing on the life cycle of bees, with a 47.7% decrease in life span, a decrease of 0.9 days in the age at first exit, an increase of 57.3% in the loss rate at first exit, and a decrease of 40.6% in foraging tenure. We did not observe any effect of exposure to acetone at the larval stage on the capacities of bees reared in vitro. Conversely, acetone exposure at the adult stage reduced the bee life span by 21.8% to 60%, decreased the age at first exit by 1.12 to 4.34 days, and reduced the foraging tenure by 30% to 37.7%. Interestingly, we found a significant effect of season on acetone exposure, suggesting that interference with the life‐history traits of honey bees is dependent on season. These findings suggest improved integration of long‐term monitoring for assessing sublethal responses in bees following exposure to chemicals during both the larval and adult stages.
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hal-04562239 , version 1 (09-07-2024)

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Victor Desclos Le Peley, Stéphane Grateau, Carole Moreau-Vauzelle, Daniel Raboteau, Colombe Chevallereau, et al.. Experimental ecotoxicology procedures interfere with honey bee life history. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2024, 43 (6), pp.1320-1331. ⟨10.1002/etc.5872⟩. ⟨hal-04562239⟩
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