Where are volatiles produced in the highly synorganised inflorescence of Arum maculatum L.? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Biochemical Systematics and Ecology Year : 2024

Where are volatiles produced in the highly synorganised inflorescence of Arum maculatum L.?

Abstract

Floral scents vary spatially within flowers and inflorescences, with effects on pollinator behaviour. Here, we restudied the spatial scent pattern of Arum maculatum, an Araceae, with a higher spatial resolution than previously. The inflorescence of this species consists of a spadix, whose distal part is a sterile osmophore called the appendix, whereas its basal part bears sterile and fertile male and female flowers. This spadix is surrounded by a spathe, which forms a floral chamber around the flowers. So far, it was known that the appendix is responsible for the emission of most of the volatiles, but some volatiles were specifically found within the floral chamber, with the organ(s) responsible for their emission being unclear. By repeatedly collecting (dynamic headspace) and analysing (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) the scent of whole inflorescences and of inflorescences with the spathe and the various zones of the spadix sequentially removed, we determined and quantified all scent compounds of the major units of the inflorescence of A. maculatum. We confirm that the inflorescence scent is mainly composed of scents released by the appendix, and we for the first time provide evidence that the male flower zone of the spadix also contributes to the inflorescence scent. Future studies are needed to test whether, and if, how, this spatial scent pattern in A. maculatum affects the movement of pollinators within the inflorescence and their pollination effectiveness
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hal-04552410 , version 1 (19-04-2024)

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Gertrud Marotz-Clausen, Marc Gibernau, Stefan Dötterl. Where are volatiles produced in the highly synorganised inflorescence of Arum maculatum L.?. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 2024, 112, pp.104766. ⟨10.1016/j.bse.2023.104766⟩. ⟨hal-04552410⟩
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