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Journal Articles Experimental Hematology & Oncology Year : 2024

A Fab of trastuzumab to treat HER2 overexpressing breast cancer brain metastases

Feriel Azibani
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Despite major therapeutic advances for two decades, including the most recently approved anti-HER2 drugs, brain metastatic localizations remain the major cause of death for women with metastatic HER2 breast cancer. The main reason is the limited drug passage of the blood-brain barrier after intravenous injection and the significant efflux of drugs, including monoclocal antibodies, after administration into the cerebrospinal fluid. We hypothesized that this efflux was linked to the presence of a FcRn receptor in the blood-brain barrier. To overcome this efflux, we engineered two Fab fragments of trastuzumab, an anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody, and did a thorough preclinical development for therapeutic translational purpose. We demonstrated the safety and equal efficacy of the Fabs with trastuzumab in vitro, and in vivo using a patient-derived xenograft model of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer. For the pharmacokinetic studies of intra-cerebrospinal fluid administration, we implemented original rat models with catheter implanted into the cisterna magna. After intraventricular administration in rats, we demonstrated that the brain-to-blood efflux of Fab was up to 10 times lower than for trastuzumab, associated with a two-fold higher brain penetration compared to trastuzumab. This Fab, capable of significantly reducing brain-to-blood efflux and enhancing brain penetration after intra-cerebrospinal fluid injection, could thus be a new and original effective drug in the treatment of HER2 breast cancer brain metastases, which will be demonstrated by a phase I clinical trial dedicated to women in resort situations.
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hal-04548072 , version 1 (16-04-2024)

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Eurydice Angeli, Justine Paris, Olivier Le Tilly, Céline Desvignes, Guillaume Gapihan, et al.. A Fab of trastuzumab to treat HER2 overexpressing breast cancer brain metastases. Experimental Hematology & Oncology, 2024, 13 (41), ⟨10.1186/s40164-024-00513-7⟩. ⟨hal-04548072⟩
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