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Journal Articles Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology Year : 2024

Mechanical and radar absorption properties of sheep wool/epoxy composites

Goksel Saracoglu
  • Function : Author
Serap Kiriş
  • Function : Author
Sezer Çoban
  • Function : Author
Muharrem Karaaslan
  • Function : Author
Tolga Depci
  • Function : Author


Purpose The aim of this study is to determine the fracture behavior of wool felt and fabric based epoxy composites and their responses to electromagnetic waves. Design/methodology/approach Notched and unnotched tensile tests of composites made of wool only and hybridized with a glass fiber layer were carried out, and fracture behavior and toughness at macro scale were determined. They were exposed to electromagnetic waves between 8 and 18 GHz frequencies using two horn antennas. Findings The keratin and lignin layer on the surface of the wool felt caused lower values to be obtained compared to the mechanical values given by pure epoxy. However, the use of wool felt in the symmetry layer of the laminated composite material provided higher mechanical values than the composite with glass fiber in the symmetry layer due to the mechanical interlocking it created. The use of wool in fabric form resulted in an increase in the modulus of elasticity, but no change in fracture toughness was observed. As a result of the electromagnetic analysis, it was also seen in the electromagnetic analysis that the transmittance of the materials was high, and the reflectance was low throughout the applied frequency range. Hence, it was concluded that all of the manufactured materials could be used as radome material over a wide band. Practical implications Sheep wool is an easy-to-supply and low-cost material. In this paper, it is presented that sheep wool can be evaluated as a biocomposite material and used for radome applications. Originality/value The combined evaluation of felt and fabric forms of a natural and inexpensive reinforcing element such as sheep wool and the combined evaluation of fracture mechanics and electromagnetic absorption properties will contribute to the evaluation of biocomposites in aviation.
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Dates and versions

hal-04543163 , version 1 (12-04-2024)



Goksel Saracoglu, Serap Kiriş, Sezer Çoban, Muharrem Karaaslan, Tolga Depci, et al.. Mechanical and radar absorption properties of sheep wool/epoxy composites. Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, 2024, ⟨10.1108/AEAT-03-2023-0069⟩. ⟨hal-04543163⟩
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