1α,25(OH)2-3-Epi-Vitamin D3, a Natural Physiological Metabolite of Vitamin D3: Its Synthesis, Biological Activity and Crystal Structure with Its Receptor - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2011

1α,25(OH)2-3-Epi-Vitamin D3, a Natural Physiological Metabolite of Vitamin D3: Its Synthesis, Biological Activity and Crystal Structure with Its Receptor

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The 1alpha,25-dihydroxy-3-epi-vitamin-D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3), a natural metabolite of the seco-steroid vitamin D3, exerts its biological activity through binding to its cognate vitamin D nuclear receptor (VDR), a ligand dependent transcription regulator. In vivo action of 1alpha,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3 is tissue-specific and exhibits lowest calcemic effect compared to that induced by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. To further unveil the structural mechanism and structure-activity relationships of 1alpha,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3 and its receptor complex, we characterized some of its in vitro biological properties and solved its crystal structure complexed with human VDR ligand-binding domain (LBD). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the present study, we report the more effective synthesis with fewer steps that provides higher yield of the 3-epimer of the 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. We solved the crystal structure of its complex with the human VDR-LBD and found that this natural metabolite displays specific adaptation of the ligand-binding pocket, as the 3-epimer maintains the number of hydrogen bonds by an alternative water-mediated interaction to compensate the abolished interaction with Ser278. In addition, the biological activity of the 1alpha,25(OH)2-3-epi-D3 in primary human keratinocytes and biochemical properties are comparable to 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The physiological role of this pathway as the specific biological action of the 3-epimer remains unclear. However, its high metabolic stability together with its significant biologic activity makes this natural metabolite an interesting ligand for clinical applications. Our new findings contribute to a better understanding at molecular level how natural metabolites of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 lead to significant activity in biological systems and we conclude that the C3-epimerization pathway produces an active metabolite with similar biochemical and biological properties to those of the 1alpha,25(OH)2D3.

Dates and versions

hal-04500358 , version 1 (11-03-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Ferdinand Molnar, Rita Sigueiro, Yoshiteru Sato, Clarisse Araujo, Inge Schuster, et al.. 1α,25(OH)2-3-Epi-Vitamin D3, a Natural Physiological Metabolite of Vitamin D3: Its Synthesis, Biological Activity and Crystal Structure with Its Receptor. PLoS ONE, 2011, 6 (3), pp.e18124. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0018124⟩. ⟨hal-04500358⟩
30 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More