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Journal Articles Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology Year : 2024

Super-resolution microscopies, technological breakthrough to decipher mitochondrial structure and dynamic.

Pauline Teixeira
  • Function : Author
Rémi Galland
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Mitochondria are complex organelles with an outer membrane enveloping a second inner membrane that creates a vast matrix space partitioned by pockets or cristae that join the peripheral inner membrane with several thin junctions. Several micrometres long, mitochondria are generally close to 300 nm in diameter, with membrane layers separated by a few tens of nanometres. Ultrastructural data from electron microscopy revealed the structure of these mitochondria, while conventional optical microscopy revealed their extraordinary dynamics through fusion, fission, and migration processes but its limited resolution power restricted the possibility to go further. By overcoming the limits of light diffraction, Super-Resolution Microscopy (SRM) now offers the potential to establish the links between the ultrastructure and remodelling of mitochondrial membranes, leading to major advances in our understanding of mitochondria’s structure-function. Here we review the contributions of SRM imaging to our understanding of the relationship between mitochondrial structure and function. What are the hopes for these new imaging approaches which are particularly important for mitochondrial pathologies?
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hal-04455163 , version 1 (13-02-2024)

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Pauline Teixeira, Rémi Galland, Arnaud Chevrollier. Super-resolution microscopies, technological breakthrough to decipher mitochondrial structure and dynamic.. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2024, 159-160, pp.38-51. ⟨10.1016/j.semcdb.2024.01.006⟩. ⟨hal-04455163⟩
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