What is the best fixation method in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction? A biomechanical comparison of common methods for femoral graft attachment - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles SICOT-J Year : 2024

What is the best fixation method in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction? A biomechanical comparison of common methods for femoral graft attachment

Abstract

Introduction : A variety of techniques have been described for femoral fixation in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLr). The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical performance of the most used methods for graft fixation in the femur using human cadaveric tissue. We wondered what is the best fixation method for femoral fixation in MPFL reconstruction? Hypothesis : A suspensory fixation device provides the best femoral fixation. Material and method : Twenty cadaveric knees were tested. Four femoral fixation methods were compared (5 knees per group): interference fixation with a Biosure© RG 5 mm and a 7 mm, suture anchor (Healicoil Regenesorb 4.75 mm ©) and suspensory fixation with the Ultrabutton©. The testing was divided in preconditioning, cyclic loading and load to failure. Load to failure, elongation, stiffness and mode of failure were recorded and compared. Results : The Ultrabutton© had the highest mean ultimate load (427 ± 215 N ( p = 0.5)), followed by Healicoil anchor © (308 ± 44 N ( p > 0.05)) and the interference screw of 7 mm (255 ± 170 N ( p > 0.05)). Mean stiffness was similar in the Ultrabutton© and 4.75 mm. Healicoil anchor © groups (111 ± 21 N/mm and 119 ± 20 N/mm respectively), and lowest in 7 mm Biosure© screw fixation group (90 ± 5 N/mm). The Biosure© 5 mm RG screw presented 100% of premature rupture because of tendon slippage. The Ultrabutton© presented the lowest premature rupture (40%). Discussion : A suspensory fixation for the femur had the lowest number of graft failures and highest load to failure. This study has implications for surgeons’ choice of graft fixation in MPFLr. It is the first study to test the most commonly femoral used fixation methods, allowing direct comparisons between each method.
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hal-04451902 , version 1 (12-02-2024)

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Léonard Vezole, Stanislas Gunst, Laure-Lise Gras, Jobe Shatrov, Ozgur Mertbakan, et al.. What is the best fixation method in medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction? A biomechanical comparison of common methods for femoral graft attachment. SICOT-J, 2024, 10, pp.7. ⟨10.1051/sicotj/2024004⟩. ⟨hal-04451902⟩
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