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Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2024

First-order behavior of the time constant in non-isotropic continuous first-passage percolation

Abstract

Let $N$ be a norm on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with $d\geq 2$ and consider $\chi$ a homogeneous Poisson point process on $\mathbb{R}^d$ with intensity $\varepsilon\in [0,\infty)$. We define the Boolean model $\Sigma_{N, \varepsilon}$ as the union of the balls of diameter $1$ for the norm $N$ and centered at the points of $\chi$. For every $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^d$, Let $T_{N, \varepsilon} (x,y)$ be the minimum time needed to travel from $x$ to $y$ if one travels at speed $1$ outside $\Sigma_{N,\varepsilon}$ and at infinite speed inside $\Sigma_{N,\varepsilon}$: this defines a continuous model of first-passage percolation, that has been studied in \cite{GT17,GT22} for $N=\| \cdot \|_2$, the Euclidean norm. The exact calculation of the time constant of this model $\mu_{N,\varepsilon} (x):=\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}T_{N,\varepsilon} (0,n x) / n $ is out of reach. We investigate here the behavior of $\varepsilon \mapsto \mu_{N,\varepsilon} (x)$ near $0$, and enlight how the speed at which $N(x) - \mu_{N,\varepsilon} (x) $ goes to $0$ depends on $x$ and $N$. For instance, if $N$ is the $p$-norm for $p\in (1,\infty)$, we prove that $N(x) - \mu_{\| \cdot \|_p,\epsilon} (x)$ is of order $\varepsilon ^{\kappa_p(x)}$ with $$\kappa_p(x): = \frac{1}{d- \frac{d_1(x)-1}{2} - \frac{d-d_1 (x)}{p}}\,,$$ where $d_1(x)$ is the number of non null coordinates of $x$. Together with the study of the time constant, we also prove a control on the $N$-length of the geodesics, and get some informations on the number of points of $\chi$ really useful to those geodesics. The results are in fact more natural to prove in a slightly different setting, where instead of centering a ball of diameter $1$ at each point of $\chi$ and traveling at infinite speed inside $\Sigma_{N\varepsilon}$, we put a reward of one unit of time at those points.
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hal-04447668 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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Anne-Laure Basdevant, Jean-Baptiste Gouéré, Marie Théret. First-order behavior of the time constant in non-isotropic continuous first-passage percolation. 2024. ⟨hal-04447668⟩
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