A single coelomic cell type is involved in both immune and respiratory functions of the coastal bioindicator annelid: Capitella C-Channel1 from the English Channel - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Developmental and Comparative Immunology Year : 2024

A single coelomic cell type is involved in both immune and respiratory functions of the coastal bioindicator annelid: Capitella C-Channel1 from the English Channel

Abstract

The polychaete Capitella is a typical member of the ‘thiobiome’, and is commonly used as an eutrophication indicator species in environmental assessment studies. To deal with a sulfide-rich and poisonous surrounding, cells in close contact with the environment, and thus able to play a major role in detoxication and survival, are circulating cells. This work aimed to morpho-functionally describe the circulating coelomic cells of Capitella from the English Channel inhabiting the sulfide-rich mud in Roscoff Harbor. In general, worms have three types of circulating cells, granulocytes involved in bacterial clearance and defense against microorganisms, eleocytes with an essentially trophic role and elimination of cellular waste, and erythrocytes which play a role in detoxification and respiration via their intracellular hemoglobin. By combining diverse microscopic and cellular approaches, we provide evidence that Capitella does not possess granulocytes and eleocytes, but rather a single abundant rounded cell type with the morphological characteristics of erythrocytes i.e. small size and production of intracellular hemoglobin. Surprisingly, our data show that in addition to their respiratory function, these red cells could exert phagocytic activities, and produce an antimicrobial peptide. This latter immune role is usually supported by granulocytes. Our data highlight that the erythrocytes of Capitella from the English Channel differ in morphology and bear more functions than the erythrocytes of other annelids. The simplicity of this multi-task (or polyvalent) single-cell type makes Capitella an interesting model for studies of the impact of the environment on the immunity of this bioindicator species.
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hal-04438716 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

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Céline Boidin-Wichlacz, Ann Andersen, Nathalie Jouy, Aurélie Tasiemski, Stephane Hourdez. A single coelomic cell type is involved in both immune and respiratory functions of the coastal bioindicator annelid: Capitella C-Channel1 from the English Channel. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 2024, 153, pp.105132. ⟨10.1016/j.dci.2024.105132⟩. ⟨hal-04438716⟩
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