The Quest for Contrast in Digital Images of Micro-/Nanostructured Polymer Blends before and after CO 2 Foaming: General Interest of Directional Diffusive Filtering for Edge Enhancement - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Macromolecules Year : 2023

The Quest for Contrast in Digital Images of Micro-/Nanostructured Polymer Blends before and after CO 2 Foaming: General Interest of Directional Diffusive Filtering for Edge Enhancement

Abstract

Multiphase materials composed of several phases with smooth interphases or sharp interfaces are ubiquitous in polymer science. This study addresses the challenge to identify and segment automatically the right interfaces and interphases in electronic digital images for a sound analysis of the structuration of materials at the micro-/nanoscale. The selected strategy is to primarily enhance the contrast between phases in digital transmission electron microscopy/scanning electron microscopy images for a straightforward subsequent segmentation of phases, i.e., by a simple threshold of the gray-level intensity histogram. To do so, a nonlinear transient (time-dependent) diffusion process is used. In the diffusive process, the gray-level intensity spreads nonuniformly across the image pixels, i.e., adaptively to local properties of the image. When computed at a large enough time of the diffusive process, the reconstructed image tends to a piecewise constant solution representing a simplified image at a lower resolution with sharper boundaries, bringing about the sought local contrast enhancement. The solution image is shown to facilitate the automatic segmentation step and the calculation of representative size distributions. This approach is, in particular, very suited to the characterization of multimodal samples including different scales of porosity. While this (first of two parts) methodological article is useful to multiphase polymeric materials in general, the methodology was here developed for an in-depth study of acrylic block copolymer nanostructures, enabling the monitoring of micro-/nanosized foams produced by one-step batch scCO2 green foaming.
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Friday, February 14, 2025
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Friday, February 14, 2025
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Dates and versions

hal-04398112 , version 1 (16-01-2024)

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Yannick Anguy, Margaux Haurat, Michel Dumon. The Quest for Contrast in Digital Images of Micro-/Nanostructured Polymer Blends before and after CO 2 Foaming: General Interest of Directional Diffusive Filtering for Edge Enhancement. Macromolecules, 2023, 56 (23), pp.9697-9710. ⟨10.1021/acs.macromol.3c01548⟩. ⟨hal-04398112⟩
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