IFITM1 inhibits trophoblast invasion and is induced in placentas associated with IFN-mediated pregnancy diseases - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles iScience Year : 2023

IFITM1 inhibits trophoblast invasion and is induced in placentas associated with IFN-mediated pregnancy diseases

Abstract

Interferon-induced transmembrane proteins (IFITMs) are restriction factors that block many viruses from entering cells. High levels of type I interferon (IFN) are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, and IFITMs have been shown to impair the formation of syncytiotrophoblast. Here, we examine whether IFITMs affect another critical step of placental development, extravillous cytotrophoblast (EVCT) invasion. We conducted experiments using in vitro/ex vivo models of EVCT, mice treated in vivo with the IFN-inducer poly (I:C), and human pathological placental sections. Cells treated with IFN-β demonstrated upregulation of IFITMs and reduced invasive abilities. Transduction experiments confirmed that IFITM1 contributed to the decreased cell invasion. Similarly, migration of trophoblast giant cells, the mouse equivalent of human EVCTs, was significantly reduced in poly (I:C)-treated mice. Finally, analysis of CMV- and bacterial-infected human placentas revealed upregulated IFITM1 expression. These data demonstrate that high levels of IFITM1 impair trophoblast invasion and could explain the placental dysfunctions associated with IFN-mediated disorders.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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hal-04372707 , version 1 (09-02-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Séverine Degrelle, Julian Buchrieser, Anne Dupressoir, Françoise Porrot, Laurence Loeuillet, et al.. IFITM1 inhibits trophoblast invasion and is induced in placentas associated with IFN-mediated pregnancy diseases. iScience, 2023, 26 (7), pp.107147. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2023.107147⟩. ⟨hal-04372707⟩
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