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Journal Articles Chemistry and Physics of Lipids Year : 2024

Monitoring galactolipid digestion and simultaneous changes in lipid-bile salt micellar organization by real-time NMR spectroscopy

Abstract

The use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy for studying lipid digestion in vitro most often consists of quantifying lipolysis products after they have been extracted from the reaction medium using organic solvents. However, the current sensitivity level of NMR spectrometers makes possible to avoid the extraction step and continuously quantify the lipids directly in the reaction medium. We used real-time 1H NMR spectroscopy and guinea pig pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 (GPLRP2) as biocatalyst to monitor in situ the lipolysis of monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG) in the form of mixed micelles with the bile salt sodium taurodeoxycholate (NaTDC). Residual substrate and lipolysis products (monogalactosyl monoacylglycerol (MGMG); monogalactosylglycerol (MGG) and octanoic acid (OA) were simultaneously quantified throughout the reaction thanks to specific proton resonances. Lipolysis was complete with the release of all MGDG fatty acids. These results were confirmed by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and densitometry after lipid extraction at different reaction times. Using diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY), we could also estimate the diffusion coefficients of all the reaction compounds and deduce the hydrodynamic radius of the lipid aggregates in which they were present. It was shown that MGDG-NaTDC mixed micelles with an initial hydrodynamic radius rH of 7.3 ± 0.5 nm were changed into smaller micelles of NaTDC-MGDG-MGMG of 2.3 ± 0.5 nm in the course of the lipolysis reaction, and finally into NaTDC-OA mixed micelles (rH of 2.9 ± 0.5 nm) and water soluble MGG. These results provide a better understanding of the digestion of galactolipids by PLRP2, a process that leads to the complete micellar solubilisation of their fatty acids and renders their intestinal absorption possible.
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Tuesday, May 21, 2024
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Tuesday, May 21, 2024
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hal-04306594 , version 1 (25-11-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Moulay Sahaka, Olivier Bornet, Achille Marchand, Dominique Lafont, Brigitte Gontero, et al.. Monitoring galactolipid digestion and simultaneous changes in lipid-bile salt micellar organization by real-time NMR spectroscopy. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, 2024, 258, pp.105361. ⟨10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2023.105361⟩. ⟨hal-04306594⟩
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