Effects of phase ratios, density and particle shapes on directional thermal conductivity of vegetable concrete: A predictive model - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Construction and Building Materials Year : 2024

Effects of phase ratios, density and particle shapes on directional thermal conductivity of vegetable concrete: A predictive model

Abstract

This work is devoted to the thermal conductivity of vegetable concrete (Lime-hemp concrete). Various parameters were investigated using a design of experiment : 5 categories of particle size, 3 binder/particle ratios (1, 1.5 and 2) and 3 target densities (300, 400 and 500 kg m). The thermal conductivity was measured in steady-state across and along particles. The results clearly depict the effect of direction on thermal conductivity, but prove that density alone is not a good predictor. As an innovative outcome, the porosity was proved to be a good indicator of the respective weights of the parallel and serial conductivity. This is explained by the negative effect of porosity on the connectivity of the binder, which was confirmed by CT scans. The effect of particle size distribution remains weak, except for the category Small, which has also the lowest elongation and for which the conductivity is nearly isotropic. General expressions are proposed to predict the conductivity from the characteristics of vegetable concretes (proportions, densities and conductivities of the gas, particle and binder phases).

Dates and versions

hal-04303463 , version 1 (23-11-2023)

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Nils Frantz, Lorena Freitas Dutra, Dang Mao Nguyen, Giana Almeida, Patrick Perré. Effects of phase ratios, density and particle shapes on directional thermal conductivity of vegetable concrete: A predictive model. Construction and Building Materials, 2024, 410, pp.134238. ⟨10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.134238⟩. ⟨hal-04303463⟩
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