Emission-line properties of IllustrisTNG galaxies: from local diagnostic diagrams to high-redshift predictions for JWST - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2023

Emission-line properties of IllustrisTNG galaxies: from local diagnostic diagrams to high-redshift predictions for JWST

Michaela Hirschmann
  • Function : Author
Anna Feltre
  • Function : Author
Emma Curtis-Lake
  • Function : Author
Rachel S Somerville
  • Function : Author
Jacopo Chevallard
  • Function : Author
Ena Choi
  • Function : Author
Dylan Nelson
  • Function : Author
Christophe Morisset
  • Function : Author
Adele Plat
  • Function : Author
Alba Vidal-Garcia
  • Function : Author

Abstract

ABSTRACT We compute synthetic, rest-frame optical and ultraviolet (UV) emission-line properties of galaxy populations at redshifts from z ≈ 0 to = 8 in a full cosmological framework. We achieve this by coupling, in post-processing, the cosmological IllustrisTNG simulations with new-generation nebular-emission models, accounting for line emission from young stars, post-asymptotic giant branch (PAGB) stars, accreting black holes (BHs) and, for the first time, fast radiative shocks. The optical emission-line properties of simulated galaxies dominated by different ionizing sources in our models are largely consistent with those expected from classical diagnostic diagrams and reflect the observed increase in [O iii]/Hβ at fixed [N ii]/Hα and the evolution of the Hα, [O iii]λ5007, and [O ii] λ3727 luminosity functions from z ≈ 0 to ∼ 2. At higher redshift, we find that the emission-line galaxy population is dominated by star-forming and active galaxies, with negligible fractions of shock- and PAGB-dominated galaxies. We highlight 10 UV-diagnostic diagrams able to robustly identify the dominant ionizing sources in high-redshift galaxies. We also compute the evolution of several optical- and UV-line-luminosity functions from z = 4 to 7, and the number of galaxies expected to be detectable per field of view in deep, medium-resolution spectroscopic observations with the NIRSpec instrument on board the JWST. We find that 2-h-long exposures are sufficient to achieve unbiased censuses of Hα and [O iii]λ5007 emitters, while at least 5 h are required for Hβ, and even 10 h will detect only progressively smaller fractions of [O ii] λ3727, O iii] λ1663, C iii] λ1908, C iv λ1550, [N ii]λ6584, Si iii] λ1888, and He ii λ1640 emitters, especially in the presence of dust.
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Dates and versions

hal-04293540 , version 1 (18-11-2023)

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Michaela Hirschmann, Stephane Charlot, Anna Feltre, Emma Curtis-Lake, Rachel S Somerville, et al.. Emission-line properties of IllustrisTNG galaxies: from local diagnostic diagrams to high-redshift predictions for JWST. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2023, 526 (3), pp.3610-3636. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stad2955⟩. ⟨hal-04293540⟩
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